UC Irvine Nutrition and Physical Activity in Relation to Obesity Prevention Paper
UC Irvine Nutrition and Physical Activity in Relation to Obesity Prevention Paper
Research Project Part One: Contexts Two major assignments comprise the research project: Part One: Contexts (CP) and Part Two: Advocacy (AP). This first assignment, the CP, asks you to (1) research and deploy various types of sources to describe, contextualize, and analyze a significant contemporary political/social/cultural problem; (2) summarize and evaluate conversations and debates happening between credible scholars, thinkers, and organizations about your topic. Together, the actions above comprise expository writing—the guiding method of this project—which means simply that with this first composition you are attempting to describe your project’s central problem and explain its relevance by contextualizing it. Why “contexts”? An informed, authoritative writer understands their topic in context. Context can be historical.Analyzing the past means grappling not simply with events, but with the issues and concerns of the time. It’s
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not enough to read a contemporary account of the past; we must also look at the work produced in the past—its political speeches, court decisions, and media. Therefore, one goal of this assignment is to learn about the historical contexts of your problem: the laws, legal precedents, and institutional practices that underlie its current form, and economic, social, political, and/or environmental trends that have shaped its development. Context can also be rhetorical. We want to present the stakes that a given community has in the topic of our research, but we also want to interrogate the way those stakes get articulated by journalists, researchers, and politicians. Even within “scholarly writing,” you should become aware of how various communities (called disciplines) frame the same topic quite differently from one another. Identifying these relevant communities of thinkers and writers, analyzing their perspectives, and bringing their views together will help you gain a comprehensive understanding of your problem, and the authority that understanding entails. As you research for your CP, you will concurrently develop a Working Annotated Bibliography for your entire project that involves summarizing and analyzing individual sources (your instructor will provide you with separate instructions for this portion of the assignment). By the time you complete the CP, you should be able to: ● Develop effective research note-taking habits through source annotations. ● Practice information literacy in the research process by locating and critically evaluating relevant and credible evidence from a variety of sources and genres. ● Understand research as a part of the larger composition process of prewriting, drafting, and revision. ● Collaborate with fellow researchers to give and receive constructive feedback on the work in progress. ● Plan, draft and revise an essay with organization and style appropriate for addressing a general academic audience. ● Arrange and integrate evidence—primary-source, secondary-source, and multimodal—intentionally, with particular attention to its argumentative purpose and rhetorical effect. ● Integrate and cite evidence in a transparent and ethical manner, using a standard citation system. Learn how and why to avoid plagiarism and patch-writing. Assignment Requirements Process work is required to be eligible to submit a final draft for a grade. This may include but is not limited to topic development exercises, a proposal or prospectus, and multiple essay drafts. Late or incomplete process work may result in a grade penalty on the final draft. The contextualizing in the CP must be supported by a broad and varied selection of research, including primary and secondary sources, scholarship, journalism, policy papers, reports, case law, and other sources as appropriate for your topic. While both you and your instructor will work to determine an appropriate scope and variety of research for your essay, at a minimum it should draw evidence from 6-8 sources, including TWO scholars in conversation. Keep in mind that the total number of sources for the entire project’s bibliography is 15-20 sources. Your final submission for Part One should be a 1500-2000 word multimodal composition. It should be formatted in MLA style, with parenthetical citations, a Works Cited page, and a descriptive academic title. Han 1 Nate Han Jean Little Writing 39C 7/17/19 Nutrition and Physical Activity in Relation to Obesity Prevention Watson, Ronald R. Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Abdominal Obesity. Burlington: Elsevier Science, 2014. Internet resource. The article is a review of how nutrition can be used in the prevention and treatment of obesity. The article outlines the clinical management of visceral obesity and the pathophysiology of abdominal obesity. The author also explains the interrelationship between work and the risk of abdominal obesity. The relevant information from this source is the use of diet and nutrition in the management of abdominal obesity. The author outlines foods and dietary supplement s that can be used to manage obesity. The unique factor of this source is that it outlines the factors that currently affect the epidemic of abdominal obesity. The benefits of managing abdominal obesity include prevention of chronic illnesses such as diabetes and heart and vascular diseases. The author describes how a major cause of mortality (obesity) can be managed using dietary and food therapies. The various disciplines involved in handling abdominal obesity are also covered such as studies on lipids nutrition and metabolism, cardiology as well as research on physiology and endocrinology. Koplan, Jeffrey, Catharyn T. Liverman, and Vivica I. Kraak. Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance. Washington, D.C: National Academies Press, 2005. Internet resource. Han 2 This source discusses the prevalence of obesity in children throughout the United States. The author provides details of the short term and long-term risks of obesity to physical health. The most relevant information is the development of an action plan that helps in the prevention of obesity. The relevance of this research is based on its association with the Institute of Medicine Committee and Prevention of Obesity in Children and Youth. This source is unique in the sense that it provides a solution to the problem of childhood obesity most of the measures provided are a preventive measure and they also provide health balance. The author focuses on physical activities, diets and other habits that could result in obesity. Preventive measure and recommendations are then clearly outlined. Mela, David J. Food, Eating, and Obesity. London: CRC Press, 2005. Print. This book by Mela David provides a description of the global trends in obesity. The author also covers the factors that contribute to obesity, the macronutrients that influence the loss of weight, and the functional targets of weight control. All these subjects explain the interrelation between nutrition, physical activity, and obesity. The accuracy of this source is pegged on the research deduced from various credible institutions. This source is different because it covers the element of physical activity in detail. Physical activity can be used as a way of managing obesity. The author provides details of the implications and the recommendations after implementing changes in leisure, work, travel, and home physical activities. Physical activity, weight maintenance, and physical fitness are all described in relation to obesity and the implication. Nutrition and metabolic health are also covered in this source. The health risk of increased body fat in children as well as the prevention and treatment of obesity. Han 3 Jana P. Physical Activity, Fitness, Nutrition and Obesity During Growth. Bentham Science Publisher, 2015. Internet resource. This source describes the connection between obesity, fitness, physical activity, and nutrition during childhood. The childhood period allows the researchers to understand the changes in growth, the functional capacity of children, the body composition and the different environments in which adolescents grow up. The aim of the author is to provide research findings and recommendations on how to approach and regulate the risks of obesity during the early years of a child’s growth stages. The relevance of this source lies in the details on the adequate physical fitness in an effort to reduce the BMI among children. The author details the positive impacts of physical fitness on the health of a child. Other parameters that are to be considered in such context is the frequency, duration, and intensity of the physical exercises. This source is unique in the sense that the review discusses the solution to obesity based on physical exercise. Through physical activities, children are able to avoid unpleasant strategies like a strict diet. Crespo CJ, Smit E, Troiano RP, Bartlett SJ, Macera CA, Andersen RE. Television Watching, Energy Intake, and Obesity in US Children: Results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2001;155(3):360–365. doi:10.1001/archpedi.155.3.360 \ The main objective of this source is to explain the relationship between watching television and obesity in boys and girls aged 8 – 16. The information in this source is relevant since watching television represents a lack of physical exercise which is a great contributor to obesity. The authority of this source is based on the surveys conducted as well as interviews and medical examinations. The data collection was done in a balanced manner in order to provide Han 4 reliable estimates. This source is different since it is an actual study involving data collection, analysis, and presentation. The source only covers time spent on the television and not the computer. This source accounts for the prevalence of obesity in children with inactive lifestyles. This source emphasizes the need to promote a more active lifestyle among children to help them avoid cases of obesity. Active lifestyles help to manage the energy of children. This source provides research findings which are not outlined in the other sources. West, Sarah, et al. “The Epidemic of Obesity and Poor Physical Activity Participation: Will We Ever See a Change?” Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology, vol. 3, no. 2, 2018, p. 34., doi:10.3390/jfmk3020034. This article discusses obesity as an epidemic that not only affects children but also adults. The author examines the prevalence and impact of obesity in the last ten years. The relevance of the article lies in the part where the author relates obesity to physical participation. Poor physical participation is seen to account for the many cases of obesity. Obesity also causes other disorders in the system such as high cholesterol, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. The accuracy and authority of this research are based on previous studies by other scholars providing information on the obesity epidemic. The contribution of this source is different in the view that it provides summarized information on the relationship between obesity and poor physical exercise. This article also accounts for the statistical representation of the effects of obesity and the economic burden as a result of obesity. The article also leaves room for future obesity outlook and the possibility of future studies.
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