Marijuana Use Among Young Adults
Marijuana Use Among Young Adults
Results: 5 pages Explain your findings (results) Strive for 6-8 themes or patterns Use subheaders for patterns found (see Adderall article) Use quotes from your data! At least 2 quotes per pattern Organize your results in a logical order Conclusions or application: 1 page Sum up your findings, synthesizing all patterns Propose application of your findings: ways to reduce the rule-breaking behavior? Discussion: 1 page How do your findings (results) relate to the lit study? (1.5 pages) Were your findings similar to previous studies? How? Were your findings different to previous studies? How? Address missing data: if you had had 3 years and $1M, what data would you have collected? Provide ideas for future study APA style: Follow regular APA layout (INCLUDING COVER PAGE!) 1-inch margins Use correctly formatted in-text citations Format references page correctly Please see the feedback that my prof gave me about the introduction and method sections that you have done for me before.. Here is some feedback: IMPORTANT: Use “quotation marks” whenever you copy a stretch of text from a source. Without those quotation marks, it is considered plagiarism. Fix all of these important errors for the final draft; otherwise I will be required to make a report to the Academic Dean. I have marked a few
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of them in the draft, but you are responsible for finding all copied portions and fixing them. You can use the Turnitin report for this. Avoid making unsupported claims. The introduction pulls together information from high-quality sources, so all claims should be supported with evidence, including in-text citations. Several sentences are long and unclear. Write in a more straightforward manner. Also, organize each paragraph around a single topic and stick to that topic like glue. For example, paragraph 2 mentions initiation after entering content, but then drifts off to use rates during adolescence, and on to consequences. Each paragraph should start with a clear topic sentence that tells the reader what the paragraph will be about, and how it relates to the previous paragraph. Use grammarly to help you resolve some writing errors. You can also ask for a native speaker of English to proofread your paper, as there are some writing errors that a computer may not catch. The final paragraph of the introduction should contain your team’s motivation for studying this topic, as well as the full (improved) research question. Review the pitch instruction video for how to construct a good research question. Method section: Don’t include results in the method section. Focus on one topic per paragraph (see above). Put all the information about the same topic together, and place the paragraphs in a more logical order. References page: Fix errors. Include working URLs for all sources. One more thing: Come up with a catchy essay title. Running head: DBRG 400 MARIJUANA USE AMONG YOUNG ADULTS DBRG 400 Marijuana Use among Young Adults Muhnnad Alharbi Lynn University 1 DBRG 400 MARIJUANA USE AMONG YOUNG ADULTS 2 Abstract Newfound independence, intellectual growth, and substance abuse mark the transition from high school to college. Marijuana use among college-aged people is high with some of the risk factors including liberalization of marijuana policies, peer pressure, and parenting behavior. The high rates of marijuana use among young adults support the importance of developing interventions targeting young adults. The trend of marijuana use among young adults continues to rise and could have a more significant impact on the population prevalence of marijuana. Current indicators regarding marijuana use show that the trend would continue and may grow stronger. The research seeks to find the reasons why people used marijuana and used five indepth interviews with college students to find information regarding marijuana use. The study found three students started using marijuana at college while two started at high school. Findings from the study suggest that college students use marijuana because of peer influence. Most of the respondents ignored the effects of using the drug while one was not aware of them. DBRG 400 MARIJUANA USE AMONG YOUNG ADULTS 3 Marijuana Use among Young Adults Introduction Newfound independence, intellectual growth, and substance abuse mark the transition from high school to college. Tobacco and marijuana are some of the most abused drugs by students in universities in the United States. Even though tobacco use is declining in most of the institutions, marijuana continues to increase. Data from the National College Health Assessment highlights the increase in marijuana use as it shows that over thirty-seven percent of all college students have tried marijuana (Stewart & Moreno, 2013). Marijuana use begins in early adulthood with about twenty-five percent of marijuana users initiating its use at college. Understanding the initiating factors and processes that are involved during the initiation of marijuana use after entering college has essential implications on the development of intervention strategies as well as targeting the developmentally appropriate interventions for the reduction of the new initiates. Prevalent rates for marijuana use are high in the United States during adolescence and continues through adulthood with about two-thirds of the individuals with exposure opportunities initiating marijuana use and about forty-five percent progress from the opportunity to use within one year (Pinchevsky et al., 2012). However, marijuana use has both the short term and long term consequences. The short term consequences include memory deficits and difficulties with a concentration that affects the studies of college students. Effects on academics result in marijuana users reporting poor academic performances that can be attributed to the less time spent while studying as well as increased absence from class. Risk factors for marijuana use exist and contribute to individuals using the drug. Some of the risk factors may have good intentions, but some people may start misusing it. Liberalization DBRG 400 MARIJUANA USE AMONG YOUNG ADULTS 4 of marijuana policies, especially on medical marijuana laws contributed to the increase in its use in many states within the United States. Medical marijuana is meant for a good cause, but people start misusing it. Moreover, little research examining the effects of marijuana contributes to people’s perception that it is harmless thus making it more appealing to them than the other illicit drugs (Payne, Getachew, Shah, & Berg, 2018). Besides, the legalization of medical marijuana in some of the states would increase the use of marijuana as some of the people may term it as harmless. The high rates of marijuana use among young adults support the importance of developing interventions targeting young adults. The introduction of marijuana begins at adolescents where habits of its use start forming. Young adults start using marijuana because of peer pressure. Adjusting to school life entails forming new friendships as well as sorting out personal identity and finding ways of socializing (Pinchevsky et al., 2012). Adjusting to school life and new friends is a transition period where an individual is vulnerable to most situations. The individual’s social environment is influential as the one may start experimenting on marijuana as the other students might be using. Peer pressure does not only apply to schoolgoing adolescents but also families and other peers that they see and hear from the internet. Over forty percent of marijuana users report having friends who used marijuana thus showing the significance of peers on marijuana use. Research on marijuana use highlights that fewer marijuana-using friends in high school and college are less likely to use marijuana as compared to students who have friends using marijuana who would start using as well (Pinchevsky et al., 2012). Parenting behavior is another factor that affects an individual’s involvement with drugs. High levels of parenting reduce the chances of an individual involving oneself in drugs across his DBRG 400 MARIJUANA USE AMONG YOUNG ADULTS 5 or her developmental stages. However, less monitoring of the child by parents contributes to the child trying marijuana use. Little researches have explored the influence of parenting factors on college-aged students’ marijuana use. Parental monitoring plays an essential role in the protection of an individual from substance abuse. Different parents have different forms of monitoring their children as they adopt some different ways of tracking their children’s activities, whereabouts, and relationships (Napper, Hummer, Chithambo, & LaBrie, 2015). Some of the parents employ tactics such as setting rules for their children regarding the way they spent their time as well as drug use while others solicit information from their children. The aspect of parenting plays an essential role in drug abuse as highlighted by recent research examining whether parental monitoring, perceived peer, and parent norms interact to predict alcohol outcomes. However, limited data that examines the moderating effects of parental monitoring on the relationship between marijuana norms and outcomes limits the understanding of the role of parenting in drug abuse (Miech, Patrick, O’Malley, & Johnston, 2017). It is therefore essential to start researching on the aspect of parenting and its relationship to college-aged people considering that most of them might be far from their parents’ sight during their time in college. The trend of marijuana use among young adults continues to rise and could have a more significant impact on the population prevalence of marijuana. Current indicators regarding marijuana use show that the trend would continue and may grow stronger. People are beginning to develop attitudes towards the acceptance of recreational marijuana use (Cohn, et al., 2015). The increasing trends of marijuana use, particularly on college students and young adults prompts the need to understand the trends and the reasons why people use the drug. The research question is; why people use marijuana. DBRG 400 MARIJUANA USE AMONG YOUNG ADULTS 6 Method Over one week, the researcher conducted five in-depth interviews with college students regarding marijuana use. The need to use in-depth interviews is for the collection of qualitative data that would inform the research and explore the perspectives of the interviewees regarding marijuana use. The interviewed students comprised three males and two females aged between nineteen and twenty-two years old. The five interviewees were then divided into two depending on the time the individuals began using marijuana where three interviewees claimed to begin using marijuana at college while two begun using at high school. The breaking of the interviewees into groups is to help inform the risk factors of marijuana use. The three participants who started using marijuana at college claimed that they were motivated by their friends to use marijuana and would use the drug occasionally. The two students who began using marijuana at high school claimed that some of the information and misconceptions they heard about marijuana motivated them. The interviews lasted fifteen minutes per interviewee and took place in an environment of the participant’s choice to make them feel comfortable about sharing the information. Besides, the researcher sought permission from the interviewer and assured that the presented information would only be used for the research. Obtaining consent from participants was done before the research to help quantify the number of individuals to interview. Consent seeking process entailed beginning with a concise and focused presentation of the vital information that assisted the participants in understanding the reasons for their involvement in the study. The essentiality of consent before research required preparation and organization of information in a way that facilitates the participants’ comprehension of the reasons for conducting the reason. Four of the DBRG 400 MARIJUANA USE AMONG YOUNG ADULTS 7 respondents mentioned that they ignored the effects of using the drug while one was not aware of them. Risk and benefits assessment revolved around obtaining the right information from the respondents considering the sensitivity of the issue and trust issues. The benefits of the research included finding the right information that informed the study. Minimizing the risk involved assuring the participants of the confidentiality of their provided information. Gender Frequency Percentage Male 3 67% Female 2 33% 19 1 20% 20 2 40% 21 1 20% 22 1 20 Domestic 3 67% International 2 33% Age Nationality % DBRG 400 MARIJUANA USE AMONG YOUNG ADULTS 8 Groupings Began using marijuana at 3 67% 2 33% college Began using marijuana at high school The goal of the study was to identify the causes of marijuana use among college-aged students. The research used codes in the identification of interviewees as a means of protecting them. The information from the interviews was kept by the researcher and was not exposed to anyone other than the findings of the research. The participants facilitated the research by providing information regarding their motivation to use marijuana. However, they did not receive any form of benefit for participating in the study since it was on a willingness basis. Research encountered some problems with the international students who were not comfortable revealing their information regarding the use of marijuana. Besides, cultural diversity may affect the study particularly on the perception of a particular drug. One of the international students highlighted the different opinion of marijuana in the country thus adding complexity to the research. DBRG 400 MARIJUANA USE AMONG YOUNG ADULTS 9 References Cohn, A., Villanti, A., Richardson, A., Rath, J. M., Williams, V., Stanton, C., & Mermelstein, R. (2015). The association between alcohol, marijuana use, and new and emerging tobacco products in a young adult population. Addictive behaviors, 79-88. Miech, R. A., Patrick, M. E., O’Malley, P. M., & Johnston, L. D. (2017). The influence of college attendance on risk for marijuana initiation in the United States: 1977 to 2015. American journal of public health, 107(6), 996-1002. Napper, L. E., Hummer, J. F., Chithambo, T. P., & LaBrie, J. W. (2015). Perceived parent and peer marijuana norms: The moderating effect of parental monitoring during college. Prevention Science, 16(3), 364-373. Payne, J. B., Getachew, B., Shah, J., & Berg, C. J. (2018). Marijuana Use among Young Adults: Who Quits and Why? Health Behavior and Policy Review, 5(3), 77-90. Pinchevsky, G. M., Arria, A. M., Caldeira, K. M., Garnier-Dykstra, L. M., Vincent, K. B., & O’Grady, K. E. (2012). Marijuana exposure opportunity and initiation during college: parent and peer influences. Prevention Science, 13(1), 43-54. Stewart, M. W., & Moreno, M. A. (2013). Changes in attitudes, intentions, and behaviors toward tobacco and marijuana during US students’ first year of college. Tobacco use insights.
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